Although the idea of androgyny provides a vision of the society free from the influence of gender stereotypes, threat society hasn’t showed up yet. Boys still develop underneath the heave influence from the masculine stereotype and women intoxicated by the female stereotype. To describe the results of those influences, we have to examine how youthful men and women ought to meet the expectations from the appropriate sex role and become “good boys” and “good women.”
Three kinds of factors happen to be claimed by different authors to help the first growth and development of females and males: biological, ecological, and cognitive. No agreement continues to be arrived at regarding that has the higher influence, but the 3 factors have the symptoms of a minimum of some effect. To know these effects, we have to think about the fundamental assumptions of every theory.
Individuals who concentrate on the results of biological factors reason that the options and behaviors that youngsters display are determined mostly by their biological sex. Based on this argument, boys behave how they do since they are male, and women behave how they do since they’re female.
Individuals who concentrate on the results of ecological factors reason that women and boys are caused to do something in compliance with sex roles when you are rewarded for participating in the “right” behaviors and punished for participating in the “wrong” behaviors by adults along with other children. Based on this theory, parents play a sizable role in shaping their children’s behavior, but others, institutions, and also the society in particular may have a considerable effect too.
These two theories illustrate the function of the baby child in their own development as basically passive. Within the biological view, the youngsters biological sex determines the character of development. Within the ecological view, the reinforcement patterns per others determine the character of development. The cognitive theory of development assumes a far more active infant or child–one that participates in, is affected by, and as a result influences the forces that lead to their development. Although these forces are the same reinforcing influences recommended through the ecological theory, they’re more susceptible to modification based on the cognitive theory.